Neue Technologien sind bereits ein fester Bestandteil der humanitären Hilfe. Sie bieten viele Vorteile, sowohl für Hilfsempfänger*innen als auch für Hilfsorganisationen. Aber sie vertiefen auch das bestehende Machtgefälle. Wie und warum, das erklären Oliver Lough, Kerrie Holloway und John Bryant von der Humanitarian Policy Group, ODI, in Episode 11 des CHAtroom.
Kerrie Holloway ist Senior Research Officer, Oliver Lough ist Senior Research Fellow und John Bryant ist Senior Research Officer für die Humanitarian Policy Group bei ODI. Sie forschen zu biometrischer Identifizierung, digitaler Erstellung von Karten und Social Media in der humanitären Hilfe, vor dem Hintergrund der Frage: Wie wirken sich diese neuen technologiegestützten Ansätze in der humanitären Hilfe auf die Inklusion aus?
„What maps potentially do is they give visibility of […] affected people, potentially very marginalised people. They get visibility without consent. […] [But] invisibility is a really important protection strategy for a lot of marginalised people in humanitarian crises, and I don’t think that’s quite respected enough in a lot of these digital tools, instruments and responses.“
“[A more inclusive process] is going to need to be far more participatory and not just a consultation process at the end, but really starting from the point of view of what are the problems that aid users are facing in this context and then going from that.”
„The future, I’d like to see, is one […] where digital humanitarian technologies enable […] diversity.“
„[Refugees] can always refuse to give biometrics but it is very difficult to get cash transfers […] if you’ve not given biometrics. […] It’s difficult to say that they have an actual choice because the alternatives are so dire. “
„Banks and technology companies are not upholding humanitarian principles in the same way that humanitarian organisations should be doing and […] pushing some of that responsibility onto them […] means that you’re making things less secure for people.“
„I think digital rights more than digital tools is something we should really be focussing on.“
“While we’re talking about increasing use of fancy of the shelf solutions [..] a lot of humanitarian data and the humanitarian data system is really held together with hope and string and excel, often being used way beyond its capacity or not being used properly at all.”
“It’s helpful to think of [Social Media] as part of what we call the humanitarian space.”
„It’s important to flag that social media is not designed with humanitarian work in mind. It’s […] not a neutral environment. It’s harvesting and selling people’s desires for a profit. It’s driven by visibility and by popularity.“
„The starting point has to be that [new technolgy] is driven by the needs and the aspirations of affected people themselves rather than something we’re doing for our own benefits.“
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